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Ngabe ithimba likaMatamela libuye lilambatha emazweni
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Ngabe ithimba likaMatamela libuye lilambatha emazweni

Inqina kamabuyaze
Kuze kube yimanje izazi zezepolitiki nabahlaziyi basabona ithimba labaholi base-Afrika ebeliholwa uMengameli uCyril Ramaphosa libuye lilambatha.

Leli thimba ebelihlanganisa omengameli bamazwe okuyiCongo-Brazzaville, iComoros, i-Egypt, Senegal, i-Uganda neZambia lifulathele izwekazi kuvele ukukhuluma kuhlukene ngalolu hambo. Uhlelo lwabo belusekelwe ekumiseni ukuthunyelwa kwezikhali nokubuyisana kweRussia ne-Ukraine. Kukhona ukukhuluma obekuthi ngabe izwi le-Afrika lizozwakala yini njengoba i-African Union (AU) ishaywa indiva kukhona konke ekuphakamisayo.

Ithimba lihlangane noMengameli wase-Ukraine, uMnu uVolodymyr Zelensky, eKyiv ngoLwesihlanu kanye nozakwabo waseRussia, uMnu uVladimir Putin, eSt Petersburg ngosuku olulandelayo. Bobabili abaholi baluchithile lolu hlelo bathi ngeke lusebenze. Ngesikhathi kuzwakale lokhu labo abebengahambisani nabakubize ngokucetheza kwe-Afrika bathe ncinci kamdoli. Ukukhuluma okuphambili bekuthi iNingizimu Afrika ihola lolu hambo nje ngoba izama ukuzigeza emuva komsindo owasuka ngokuhlala komkhumbi iLady R echwebeni lamasosha asemanzini iSimons Town. Lo mkhumbi kuthiwa wawulayisha izikhali zisuka kuleli ziyolekelela iRussia empini. URamaphosa uhlangana noZelensky nje uvele usengumuntu onechashaza kulabo abeseka i-Ukraine.

Isinyathelo salabaholi sokuchitha abakhongi base-Afrika sishaqisile ngoba ngenyanga edlule uPutin ukuchaze njengesisekelo esingaba khona sokuqeda impi ngesikhathi somhlangano wakhe noMengameli waseChina, uXi Jinping, eMoscow. Kanjalo noZelensky wakhombisa ukuma esinqumweni sakhe sokufuna isixazululo kulempi ngesikhathi exhumana ngocingo noXi Jinping ngoMbasa.

Uhambo lwenxusa elikhethekile laseChina lezindaba zase-Eurasia, uLi Hui, oluya eKyiv, eMoscow nakwezinye izinhloko-dolobha ezimbalwa zaseYurophu ngoNdasa luveze imiphumela ebambekayo, kodwa lwaphetha ngokuzibophezela kweChina ekuqhubeni izingxoxo.

Intandokazi yasentshonalanga, kuze kube manje, isewuhlelo lokuthula lwase-Ukraine. Lokhu kwavezwa okokuqala njengohlelo lwamaphuzu amahlanu nguZelensky emhlanganweni we-UN General Assembly ngowe-2022. Emhlanganweni weG20 e-Bali, uZelensky wabeka amaphuzu ayishumi adala ukuthi kungafinyelelwa esivumelwaneni.

Akukho kulokhu okwenza kube lula ukuthi izingxoxo phakathi kweRussia ne-Ukraine mayelana nokuphela kwempi sezisemome. UZelensky ufuna ukuthi iRussia ihoxiswe kuzo zonke izindawo zase-Ukraine, okuhlanganisa neCrimea, njengombandela wokuqala wezingxoxo. Ngakolunye uhlangothi iRussia igcizelela ukuthi i-Ukraine kufanele kube khona okungamaqiniso ezokwamukela, ingangeni ezingxoxweni bese ibeka imibandela.

Ikhohlisana ihlomile
Osekucace kuhle kwekati elimhlophe ehlungwini ukuthi ikhohlisana ihlomile phakathi kwalamazwe. Okunye okucacile ukuthi kuncane kakhulu uma kungekho nhlobo okuzuzwe i-Afrika ngokuzama ukuba umxazululi kulempi. Iqiniso ukuthi kulaba baholi akekho ovuma ukugoba uphondo. Amaphuzu abawabekile adala ukuthi kube lukhuni satshe ukungena ezingxoxweni akuveze ngokusobala ukuthi isakhonlisana ihlomile. Omunye ukhomba omunye esweni nomunye uvikela iso lakhe.

Naphezu kwalezi zinkinga, ingcindezi nhlangothi zombili ukuthi iqale ukuxoxisana ngokuqeda impi izoqhubeka ikhula. Umkhankaso wokuthula wase-Afrika ugqugquzelwe kakhulu ukuthi amazwe ezwekazini ahlukumezeke kakhulu ngenxa yemiphumela yezomnotho yempi.

Uma, ngokwesibonelo, kungekho ukunwetshwa kwesivumelwano sohwebo se-UN-Turkish ekuthunyelweni okusanhlamvu okuvela ezikhumulweni ze-Ukraine Black Sea, okumele kuvuselelwe ngoJulayi, ingcindezi yase-Afrika eyengeziwe nhlangothi zombili kungenzeka. Ulayini weRussia oqinile njengamanje awuhambi kahle kulokhu, futhi ukhombisa amandla alinganiselwe izinhlelo zokuthula ezifana nalezo zabaholi base-Afrika abanazo ngempela.

Ingcindezi kuzomele iqhamuke kulabo abanamandla kakhulu – ababalulekile phakathi kwabo iChina kanye, ngokungangabazeki, namanye amazwe eBRICS afana ne-India neBrazil. Kulo mongo, ukuzinza kobudlelwano phakathi kweChina nentshonalanga kubalulekile.

See Also

Lokhu okungenani kubuyele esimeni ngenxa yokuxoxisana kwakamuva – ikakhulukazi, ukuvakasha kukanobhala wezwe laseMelika u-Antony Blinken eChina, kanye nokuvakasha kwethimba likahulumeni waseShayina eliphezulu, eliholwa ngundunankulu uLi Qiang, eJalimane kanye neFrance. Lokhu ukusebenzelana okubaluleke kakhulu ngoba kudala ugqozi lokuthi iBeijing ingaphonsi isisindo sayo esigcwele ngemuva kweMoscow.

Kusho futhi ukuthi iminyango ayivaliwe ekusebenzisaneni kwesikhathi esizayo phakathi kweChina nentshonalanga ngesikhathi sanoma yiziphi izingxoxo zangempela zokuthula phakathi kweRussia ne-Ukraine.

Le mishini emikhulu ye-geopolitical ngemuva ibalulekile ngoba ibumba umongo obanzi lapho ukuphela kwempi kuzofika ekugcineni. Kepha zingalokho – isizinda sempi eqhubekayo enonya, ephoqelelwe ezweni elizimele laseYurophu ngumakhelwane waso obuyekeziwe wasempumalanga.

Ekugcineni, iphuzu eliyinhloko lengcindezi – okwamanje, okungenani – lihlala ngokwemvelo. Uma ukuhlasela kwe-Ukraine kuphumelele kakhudlwana, kuqina kakhulu isikhundla sayo ngaphambi kwezingxoxo kanye nasetafuleni lezingxoxo.


Umbiko owe-The Conversation

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