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Amalungu enhlangano yohwebo angahle abe nesivumelwano
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Amalungu enhlangano yohwebo angahle abe nesivumelwano

Anathi Mtaka

Isikhulu seWorld Trade Organisation (WTO) uNgozi Okonjo-Iweala (osesithombeni) uzwakalise ukuqiniseka ngeSonto ukuthi ongqongqoshe bezohwebo abangaphezu kwekhulu abahlangana eGeneva bazofinyelela esivumelwaneni somhlaba esisodwa noma ezimbili kuleli sonto, kodwa waxwayisa indlela lapho kuzoba nezihibe khona.

UMqondisi Jikelele waseNigeria uthe umhlaba usushintshile kusukela kwaba nengqungquthela yokugcina yongqongqoshe yeWTO cishe eminyakeni emihlanu edlule. “Ngifisa sengathi ngingasho okungcono. Sekuyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu, ” utshele ingqungquthela yezindaba ngaphambi komhlangano wangoNhlangulana zili-12 kuya zili-15, ebala ubhubhane lokhuvethe, impi yase-Ukraine, kanye nezinkinga ezinkulu zokudla namandla njengezingcezu “zezinkinga eziningi”.

Njengophawu lokwehlukana phakathi kwamalungu eWTO ali-164, amazwe angaba ngama-30 kuya kwangama-40 aphuma lapho uNgqongqoshe Wokuthuthukiswa Komnotho waseRussia uMaxim Reshetnikov edlule khona. Ngaphambilini, ongqongqoshe bezohwebo abavela ku-European Union kanye namanye amalungu eWTO angama-29 bahlangane ne-Ukraine ukuze bazwakalise ubumbano lwabo nokweseka futhi bafisa ukudambisa izinkinga zokuhlinzekwa kokudla.

Ekhuluma nongqongqoshe ekuvulweni, isikhulu seWTO sibanxuse ukuthi “bakhombise umhlaba ukuthi iWTO ingafinyelela esicongweni” futhi ifinyelele ezivumelwaneni ngezihloko ezinjengokunciphisa uxhaso lokudoba, ukukhulisa ukufinyelela emithini yokugomela ukhuvethe, ukubhekana nokuvikeleka kokudla kanye ukubeka inkambo yokuguqulwa kweWTO ngokwayo. “Okusamele kunqunywe kudinga intando yezepolitiki – futhi ngiyazi ukuthi unakho – ukuze sifinyelele entanjeni,” kusho yena.

Nokho, waxwayisa ngokuthi kuzoba yinselele. “Angikucacise, nokuhlalisa oyedwa noma ababili ngeke kube umgwaqo olula. Umgwaqo uzobe unamagquma futhi unamatshe. Kungase kube nebhomu eligqitshwayo endleleni,” kusho u-Okonjo-Iweala, wengeza ngokuthi “unethemba elikhulu” lokuthi umhlangano uzophetha ngesivumelwano esisodwa noma ezimbili.

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Uphinde waxwayisa ongqongqoshe ukuthi babone ukuthi ukuvumelana akukaze kuphelele. Amalungu eWTO ali-164 athatha izinqumo ngokuvumelana, okusho ukuthi ilungu elilodwa lingavimba inqubekelaphambili, futhi izingxoxo ngokuvamile zithatha iminyaka. I-WTO eneminyaka engu-27 nayo isenkingeni. Owake waba nguMengameli wase-USA uDonald Trump wakhubaza uMkhandlu Wokudluliswa Kwamacala weWTO olawula izingxabano eminyakeni emibili edlule, futhi amalungu eWTO ake avumelana kuphela isivumelwano somhlaba wonke, iSivumelwano Esigqugquzela Ukuhweba Ngaphandle Kwemibandela, ngowezi-2013.

Njengesibonakaliso sobunzima bomhlaba wonke, umhlangano weseshini wokuvula ngeSonto unikezelwe “ezinseleleni ezibhekene nohlelo lokuhweba oluhlangene”. Amaqembu emikhankaso ahlangane eduze kwekomkhulu lomzimba oseceleni kwechibi ngempelasonto, abanye begxeka ubunxiwankulu kanti abanye befuna kuqedwe “ukugoma ubandlululo”. Bonke bavinjelwe ukungena ekomkhulu leWTO ngeSonto ngezizathu zokuphepha, ngokusho kwe-imeyili ebonwe ngabakwaReuters.

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