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Selungenwe yizinhlangao zezizwe olwedamu iGreat Renaissance
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Selungenwe yizinhlangao zezizwe olwedamu iGreat Renaissance

UMkhandlu Wezokuphepha we-UN uthi uzokweseka imizamo ye-African Union yokulamula izingxoxo phakathi kwe-Egypt, i-Ethiopia, neSudan njengoba bezama ukuxazulula impikiswano ebisidonse isikhathi eside ngokusebenza kweGreat Renaissance Dam. I-Egypt ibinxuse uMkhandlu Wezokuphepha ukuthi ungenelele ngemuva kokumiswa kwezingxoxo. Womabili amazwe i-Egypt neSudan baphikisana nalokho abakubiza ngezinqumo ezibumbene ze-Ethiopia zokusebenzisa idamu layo elingama-6 000MW emfuleni iNile. Izingqinamba ezigqamile zifaka indlela yokuxazulula izingxabano kanye nokuphathwa kwedamu ngesikhathi sesomiso esesidonse isikhathi eside.

I-Ethiopia isiqalile ukugcwalisa leli damu okwesibili. Lesi senzo siphikiswa yi-Egypt neSudan, abathi noma yikuphi ukugcwaliswa okuqhubekayo kufanele kwenzeke kuphela esimeni sohlaka okuvunyelwene ngalo. UNgqongqoshe Wezamanzi wase-Ethiopia, uSeleshi Bekele, uvikele isinqumo kuMkhandlu Wezokuphepha we-UN, wathi i-Ethiopia ikholelwa ekusetshenzisweni ngokulinganayo kwamanzi omfula iNile . “Uma uyibona ngokwesimo sase-Ethiopia, sinikela ngamanzi angama- ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-77m3 emfuleni iNile. Kulungile ukuthatha u-13.5 ukugcwalisa idamu lethu. Asakhi indlovu emhlophe yase-Afrika – hhayi ukugcwalisa idamu, kodwa empeleni, siligcwalise futhi silisebenzise futhi silisebenzise,” kusho uBekele.

Isinqumo soMkhandlu Wezokuphepha – sokusekela i-African Union emizameni yayo yokulamula kubuyisela la mazwe amathathu etafuleni ukuze kuxoxwe kabanzi ngaloludaba . Kepha imizamo yangaphambilini yomzimba wezwekazi (AU) iveze inqubekela phambili encane kakhulu. I-Egypt ithi idamu lisengcupheni yokuvimba ukuhamba kwamanzi ezweni lwayo futhi iSudan ithi  ukuba khona kwalelidamu kungathikameza amandla esizwe okusebenzisa amadamu alo. I-Ethiopia, nokho, ithi leli damu lizoba ukuphila kwizakhamuzi zalo.

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UBekele uthi: “Abantu abayizigidi ezingama-65 abanawo ugesi kodwa uma wehlela ezansi, kukhona ukutholakala kukagesi okungu-100%. I-Hydropower ingesinye sezixazululo. Uma uthatha amanzi okuphuza cishe abantu abayizigidi ezingama-25 abangenawo amanzi ahlanzekile e-Ethiopia. Kufanele siphuze amanzi, kufanele siwaphathe futhi sihlinzeke ngezixazululo kubantu bakithi.” I-Ethiopia yenqabile ukuhlonipha isivumelwano samakholoni sangowe-1959 esanikeza i-Egypt ama-85% ukulawula umfula iNile neSudan ama-15%. Umbango waqala ngowezi-2011 ngesikhathi i-Ethiopia iqala ukwakha leli damu. Sekube iminyaka eyishumi kuqhubeka lokhu kubanga kuqhubeka.

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