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Ibhekene ngeziqu zamehlo i-USA neRussia nge-Ukraine
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Ibhekene ngeziqu zamehlo i-USA neRussia nge-Ukraine

Anathi Mtaka

UHulumeni kaMengameli wase-USA uJoe Biden usemi ngomumo ukuqala unswinyo olubhekiswe eRussia okubandakanya ukuvimba izikhungo zezezimali zase-USA ukuthi zicubungule ukuthengiselana kwamabhange amakhulu aseRussia.

Izinyathelo, ezingasetshenziswa kuphela uma iRussia ihlasela i-Ukraine, zihlose ukulimaza umnotho waseRussia ngokunqamula ubudlelwano bamabhange “obuntatheli” phakathi kwamabhange aseRussia okuhlosiwe namabhange ase-USA avumela ukukhokha kwamazwe ngamazwe. Ngenkathi iziphathimandla zase-USA zithe imingcele yamabhange izoba yingxenye yezinhlawulo ezingaba khona, uhlelo lwabaphathi lokunqamula izibopho zamabhange – olusekela ukuhamba kwemali emhlabeni jikelele – bekungakaze kubikwe ngaphambilini. 

I-United States izophinde isebenzise ithuluzi layo elinamandla lokujezisa kubantu abathile baseRussia kanye nezinkampani ngokubafaka ohlwini lweSpecially Designated Nationals (SDN), ibaxoshe ohlelweni lwamabhange lwase-USA, ivimbele ukuhwebelana kwabo nabantu base-USA futhi imise impahla yabo yase-USA.

IWhite House kanye noMnyango Wezezimali benqabile ukuphawula.  Kodwa-ke, bakholelwa ukuthi izikhungo zezezimali zaseRussia eziphezulu ezihlanganisa iVTBBank, ibhange leSber, iVEB, nebhange leGazprom yizinjongo ezingase zibe khona.

Ochwepheshe abathintwe yiReuters bathe yize ithuluzi lokubhanga lingenalo igama leSDN, elimisa impahla yebhange, basengakwazi ukulimaza amabhange ahlosiwe ngokwenza kube nzima ukuhwebelana ngamadola ase-USA, imali ebekiwe yomhlaba wonke. Uhwebo oluningi lwamazwe ngamazwe lwenziwa ngamadola. Akukacaci ukuthi amabhange aseRussia azokwengezwa yini ohlwini lweSDN, kodwa zombili izinhlobo zonswinyo zingayishaya kakhulu iRussia.

“Njengoba inani elikhulu lezentengiselwano zomhlaba wonke lingamadola ase-USA lokhu kuyisijeziso esinzima, kodwa ngaphandle kwesijeziso esiyinkimbinkimbi nesibulalayo sokufakwa ohlwini lweSDN nokuba yonke impahla e-USA noma ezandleni zabantu base-USA ingasebenzi,” kusho ummeli waseWashington uKay Georgi, onguchwepheshe kwezohwebo lwamazwe ngamazwe. Imithombo iphawule ukuthi abaphathi bangase bakhiphe ukuthenga okuthile emikhawulweni uma kubonakala kunesidingo.

Izindleko zokukhokha kuqala

UHulumeni kaBiden bebelokhu besabisa ngokujeziswa kanzima kwamabhange ngokumelene neRussia amasonto amaningi ngenhloso yokuvimbela uMengameli waseRussia uVladimir Putin ekuhlaseleni i-Ukraine. IMoscow isiqoqe amasosha angaphezu kwezi-150 000 emingceleni yase-Ukraine, kodwa uPutin uziphikile izinhlelo zokuhlasela.

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UPeter Harrell, osesigungwini soMkhandlu Wezokuphepha Kazwelonke, uthe ngenyanga edlule “unswinyo olunzima lwezezimali” bekuyingxenye yesu lokulimaza umnotho waseRussia kodwa kuphephiswe izakhamizi zayo. 

“Inhloso yezinhlawulo zezezimali ukuthi kube nezindleko zesikhathi esifushane eRussia, ukuqalisa indiza enkulu, ukuvusa ukwehla kwamandla emali, ukwenza ibhange eliphakathi laseRussia linikeze amabhange alo ibheyili,” esho enkulumweni ngasekupheleni kwenyanga edlule.

Izixwayiso ezinzima zibeke amafemu ezezimali ase-USA onqenqemeni. Amalungu ezimboni zezezimali nezimboni zokukhokha axhumene ezinsukwini zakamuva neHhovisi Lokulawulwa Kwempahla Yangaphandle Lomnyango Wezezimali wase-USA, elilawula unswinyo, kusho imithombo. 

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